The following articles compare the Dynamic Maturational Model of Attachment (DMM) with the ABC+D (Berkeley) model of attachment, and/or discuss the D/disorganized construct as relevant to the DMM. If you would to add a cite the list please click the Contact Us button above and send it to us. (Note: citation format is a hybrid legal-APA format.)
Discussions comparing the two models is a topic of discussion at the DMM Coffee House, https://www.conflictscienceinstitute.com/dmm-coffee-house/.
Franco Baldoni, Mattia Minghetti, Giuseppe Craparo, Elisa Facondini, Loredana Cena & Adriano Schimmenti (2018), Comparing Main, Goldwyn, and Hesse (Berkeley) and Crittenden (DMM) coding systems for classifying Adult Attachment Interview transcripts: an empirical report, Attachment & Human Development, 20:4, 423-438, DOI: 10.1080/14616734.2017.1421979. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/153538953.pdf
Duschinsky, Robbie, (2015), The Emergence of the Disorganized/Disoriented (D) Attachment Classification, 1979-1982, History of Psychology, v.18, n.1, 32-46.
Duschinsky, Robbie (2020), Cornerstones of Attachment Research, Oxford University Press – Chapter 3: Mary Main (open source, available in August, 2020)
Duschinsky, Robbie, Solomon, Judith, (2017), Infant Disorganized Attachment: Clarifying Levels of Analysis, Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v.22(4), 524-538.
Granqvist, Pehr, with Alan Sroufe, Mary Dozier, Erik Hesse, Miriam Steele, Marinus van Ijzendoorn, Judith Solomon, Carlo Schuengel , Pasco Fearon, Marian BakermansKranenburg, Howard Steele, Jude Cassidy, Elizabeth Carlson, Sheri Madigan, Deborah Jacobvitz, Sarah Foster, Kazuko Behrens, Anne Rifkin-Graboi, Naomi Gribneau, Gottfried Spangler, Mary J Ward, Mary True, Susan Spieker, Sophie Reijman, Samantha Reisz, Anne Tharner, Frances Nkara, Ruth Goldwyn, June Sroufe, David Pederson, Deanne Pederson, Robert Weigand, Daniel Siegel, Nino Dazzi, Kristin Bernard, Peter Fonagy , Everett Waters, Sheree Toth, Dante Cicchetti, Charles H Zeanah, Karlen Lyons-Ruth, Mary Main & Robbie Duschinsky (2017), Disorganized attachment in infancy: a review of the phenomenon and its implications for clinicians and policymakers, Attachment & Human Development, DOI: 10.1080/14616734.2017.1354040. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2017.1354040, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14616734.2017.1354040
Infant Mental Health Journal, (2018) 39:6, November/December (Crittenden and Spieker wrote a follow up to the Granqvist article above, and a series of four total articles debated some issues.)
- Spieker, S.J. and Crittenden, P.M. (2018), Can attachment inform decision making in child protection and forensic settings?, Infant Ment. Health J., 39: 625-641. doi:10.1002/imhj.21746. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/imhj.21746
- Van IJzendoorn, M.H., Bakermans, J.J., Steele, M. and Granqvist, P. (2018), Diagnostic use of crittenden’s attachment measures in family court is not beyond a reasonable doubt, Infant Ment. Health J., 39: 642-646. doi:10.1002/imhj.21747. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/imhj.21747
- Crittenden, P.M. and Spieker, S.J. (2018), Dynamic Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation versus ABC+D assessments of attachment in child protection and treatment: reply to Van IJzendoorn, Bakermans, Steele, & Granqvist, Infant Ment. Health J., 39: 647-651. doi:10.1002/imhj.21750. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/imhj.21750
- Van IJzendoorn, M.H., Steele, M. and Granqvist, P. (2018), On exactitude in science: a map of the empire the size of the empire, Infant Ment. Health J., 39: 652-655. doi:10.1002/imhj.21751. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/imhj.21751
Landa, S. & Duschinsky, R. (2013a), Crittenden’s Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation, Review of General Psychology, 17:3, 326-338. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Robbie_Duschinsky/publication/263914537_Crittenden’s_Dynamic-Maturational_Model_of_Attachment_and_Adaptation/links/54dda5b70cf25b09b91447d5/Crittendens-Dynamic-Maturational-Model-of-Attachment-and-Adaptation.pdf
Landa, S. & Duschinsky, R. (2013b), Letter’s From Ainsworth: Contesting the ‘Organization’ of Attachment, Journal of Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 22:2, 172-177. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3647635/
Main, M., Hesse, E., & Hesse, S., (2011), Attachment Theory and Research: Overview with Suggested Applications to Child Custody, Family Court Review, 49:3, 426-463.
Shah, P. E., & Strathearn, Lane (2014), Similarities and differences between the ABC+ D model and the DMM classification systems for attachment, The Routledge handbook of attachment: Theory, 73-88.
Solomon, Judith, Duschinsky, Robbie, Bakkum, Lianne, Schuengel, Carlo, (2017), Toward an Architecture of attachment disorganization: John Bowlby’s published and unpublished reflections, Clinical Child Psychology, 1-22. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1359104517721959
Graphical depictions of the two models
For a graphical depiction of the DMM model, see the DMM Model page at the Family Relations Institute.
We are not aware of any published graphical depiction of the ABC+D model. If you are aware of such a model please contact us. (The Bartholomew and Horowitz 4 category model is not the same as the ABC+D Berkeley model).