The Integrative Client Centered Model (ICCM) is a CSI counseling meta-framework for lawyers and other professionals grounded in traditional client-centered models. It provides both a basic outline of core counseling competencies and science-informed details in a simple but robust model. ICCM components can be modified or filled out with CSI concepts, or a professional’s existing theoretical framework. It can be applied by professionals of any skill level and in cases involving varying levels of difficulty.
12 Central Components
- Boundaries and Expectations. Set and maintain ethically appropriate boundaries and expectations based on the party’s abilities. (Common to most counseling models.)
- Equipoise. Seek closeness and oneness with the client’s needs and perspectives, while maintaining professional distance and poise mindfully, before taking action.
- Conflict Model. Conflict science helps professionals understand why people do what they do, and think the way they think in the context of danger. The Conflict Model is based largely on the Dynamic Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM), many components of Interpersonal Neurobiology (IPNB) and on many fields of study including attachment, neuroscience, psychology, and family systems. The Conflict Model Circumplex is based on the DMM Circumplex.
- Temporary Attachment Figure (Leader and protector). Protect the client from danger and (ethically) comfort them after exposure to danger. This involves using all of the 12 Key Skills to provide a safe and supportive environment. (This includes the concept “therapeutic alliance” as used by the mental health field.)
- Integrative Listening (CUP of COCOA RNV). Listen to clients with Connection, Understanding, and Presence, and by Caring, Observing, with Curiosity, Openness, and Acceptance, and with Reflection and awareness of Nonverbal communication. Skillful listening helps the clients feel safe so they can optimize access to multiple neural systems (integration).
- Emotions. Identify, validate and help manage (or co-regulate) client emotions on a granular level, and in relation to exposure to danger.
- Needs. Understand and recognize client needs, focusing first on protection, safety, comfort, and relationship.
- Self-reflection. Use self-reflection as a tool, for both
the client and professional, for learning and optimizing decision making.
- Integration. Promote integration of information types and various neural networks before expecting the client to engage in decision-making.
- Edumotication. Educate the client about legal and extralegal issues, and motive toward optimum choice.
- Support Decision Making. Give or support choices (as appropriate) and let the client make as many decisions as possible, and supporting their decisions.
- Action. Ethically pursue the client’s choice of action.
Based on the Works of Many Thinkers
The ICCM is based on the works of many thinkers, such as Dan Siegel (IPNB founder); Patricia Crittenden (DMM); Allan Schore (psychotherapy); Stephen Porges (Polyvagal Theory); John Bowlby, Mary Ainsworth , Jennifer McIntosh (attachment); Murray Bowen (Systems Theory); Haim Ginott (parenting); Ed Tronick (child development); Iain McGilchrist (hemisphere theory); Jaak Panksepp (emotion theory); Abraham Maslow (needs); Gabor Mate (attachment, addiction, ADHD); John Kabat-Zinn (mindfulness); Carl Rogers (client-centered theory); Jeffrey Young (psychotherapy, Schema Therapy); Bonnie Badenoch (IPNB and psychotherapy); Charles Darwin (evolutionary biology); Bessel van der Kolk (trauma); Jean Decety (empathy); Marsha Linehan (Dialectical Behavioral Therapy); Dan Pink (Motivation); Leonard Riskin, Robert Baruch Bush, Joseph Folger (mediation) Bill Ury, Harvard Project on Negotiation, (negotiation); and Bill Eddy (bridging mental health and legal concepts).
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